Guitar songs don't come any bigger than this! The intro riff, the chord progression, the lead breaks and the epic solo at the end... This song is a beautiful guitar indulgence that has gone down as one of the greatest songs of all time. We'll learn it all here, in the safe hands of YGA's Ollie!
This is that lick in the track where the wah-wah pedal comes on! You know the one... The crazy fast one! Well, the whole thing uses the E harmonic minor scale in a couple of positions on the fretboard. This is then combined with your classic E minor pentatonic shape 1 to complete the lick! If you are unsure of the shapes Ollie is using, check it out below:
So, what is the harmonic minor scale? The harmonic scale is a widely used alternative to the natural minor scale. It is widely used because it sounds far darker than the natural minor, which is essentially just a mode of the major scale. Also, when you harmonise this scale to create a set of chords, they sound far more minor and create a clearer difference in sound between the major and minor keys. These are all topics we can explore, but for now, let's just get the theory correct. Here is how to construct a harmonic minor scale:
This intro riff very much follows the chords underneath, and therefore it is important to first look at the chords we are playing. NOTE: The guitar is tuned to Eb (every string one semitone down) in the record, but we are playing in standard tuning. Here are the chords underneath the riff:
So, we are considering these chords when we play the riff, but fundamentally the overall key is G major, so all of the notes fit perfectly into that scale shape, it is just the first note of each section that changes to match the chord a little more neatly. Here are the two scale shapes you should be aware of as you play through it!
When you play through this riff it is important to get the right-hand technique correct and to suit your style of playing. Some players will use a technique called 'alternate picking', others will use 'economy picking'. So, what do they mean? Well, here's a quick guide! As for which one you should do? Well, try and both and see what feels more natural. Then go with that!
To start with, let's take a look at the verse and chorus chords, with the rhythm. We are using open chord major shapes followed by powerchords for the chorus. The chord shapes are as shown here:
As for the rhythm, we simply use two strums per bar, which looks as shown below. Remember to keep your right arm swinging even when you are not hitting the strings... That is your metronome!
For the second section of the song, where we move into the key of E minor, we have two distinct sections. Firstly the barre chords, followed by the powerchords. All the chord shapes you need are shown here below:
For these two solos we are using the G major scale and G major pentatonic scale, mainly around position 1, but also a little in 2. For your reference, we have put those scale shapes below. Make sure you can visualise them when playing through the song.
For this solo we are very much in the key of E minor, and we are using the E minor scale, the E minor pentatonic scale and the E harmonic minor scale in a few positions on the neck. As it is so important to know these scales, we have drawn out the scales across the fretboard for you to match up with the solo. This will really help you be able to take the licks and improvise with them in different keys.
You've now completed and taken a huge step forwards in your guitar playing journey.
Feel free to bask in glory for a while, or go ahead and try another course if you're hungry for more.